This article is grounded on ethnographic research and approaches biaoqing in terms of their circulation across Chinese digital media platforms. By formulating a comprehensive typology of biaoqing genres, I foreground the situated socio-technical specificities of their circulation: the creative play with typographical compositions, the affective repurposing of graphical emoticons, the platformed monetization of proprietary stickers, and the user-driven proliferation of custom images. Drawing on this typology, I argue for the need to recognize the circulation of biaoqing as an emergent and malleable category of semiotic resources profoundly shaped by two decades of development of the Internet in China. Expressing emotions The circulation of biaoqing Biaoqing : A typology Conclusion.
asian eyes Emojis, Emoticons, Smileys
👲 Man With Chinese Cap Emoji on Apple iOS
In Western countries, emoticons are usually written at a right angle to the direction of the text. As SMS and the internet became widespread in the late s, emoticons became increasingly popular and were commonly used on text messages, internet forums and e-mails. Emoticons have played a significant role in communication through technology, and some devices and applications have provided stylized pictures that do not use text punctuation. They offer another range of "tone" and feeling through texting that portrays specific emotions through facial gestures while in the midst of text-based cyber communication. The word is a portmanteau word of the English words "emotion" and "icon". In web forums , instant messengers and online games , text emoticons are often automatically replaced with small corresponding images, which came to be called "emoticons" as well. Emoticons for a smiley face :- and sad face :- appear in the first documented use in digital form.
List of emoticons
This is a list of notable and commonly used emoticons , or textual portrayals of a writer's moods or facial expressions in the form of icons. In recent times, graphical icons, both static and animated, have joined the traditional text-based emoticons; these are commonly known as emoji. Emoticons can generally be divided into three groups: Western mainly from America and Europe or horizontal though not all are in that orientation ; Eastern or vertical mainly from east Asia ; and 2channel style originally used on 2channel and other Japanese message boards. The most common explanation for these different styles is that in the East, the eyes play the primary role in facial expressions, while in the West, the whole face tends to be used.