This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Supreme Court's Loving v. Virginia case that struck down laws prohibiting interracial marriage. Fifty years later, it seems absurd to most of us that such laws ever existed in the first place. In June, many Americans marked Loving Day —an annual gathering to fight racial prejudice through a celebration of multiracial community. The event takes its name from the Supreme Court ruling in Loving v. Many decried it as judicial overreach and resisted its implementation for decades.
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Loving v. Virginia , U. Supreme Court that struck down all state laws banning interracial marriage as violations of the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U. It has been the subject of several songs and three movies, including the film Loving. Beginning in , it was cited as precedent in U.
Interracial Marriage Laws History & Timeline
Special to The New York Times. The opinion by Chief Justice Earl Warren was directed specifically at the antimiscegenation laws of Virginia, which had been challenged by Richard P. Loving, a white man, and his part-Negro, part-Indian wife, Mildred.
Interracial marriage is a form of marriage outside a specific social group exogamy involving spouses who belong to different races or racialized ethnicities. In the past, such marriages were outlawed in the United States and in South Africa as miscegenation. It became legal throughout the United States in , following the decision of the U. Virginia , which ruled that race-based restrictions on marriages, such as the anti-miscegenation law in the state of Virginia , violated the Equal Protection Clause of the United States Constitution. Many jurisdictions have had regulations banning or restricting not just interracial marriage but also interracial sexual relations, including Germany during the Nazi period , South Africa under apartheid , and many states in the United States prior to a Supreme Court decision.